AdventHealth Orlando Cardiovascular Surgeon Kevin Accola, M.D., was among the first to use the new MITRIS valve and participated in the COMMENCE pre-market clinical trial to evaluate its safety and effectiveness. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted premarket approval of Edwards Lifescience’s MITRIS RESILIA valve, a tissue-based mitral valve replacement designed to last longer than previous bioprosthetic valves, earlier this year.
“Mechanical replacement valves have been around for decades and are still used and appropriate for some patients,” explains Accola. “These valves require lifelong anticoagulation treatment which can be a burden for younger patients. Bioprosthetic valves incorporate animal tissue and eliminate the need for anticoagulants. However, they have historically proven less durable which has limited their use to older patients.”
A primary challenge with bioprosthetic replacement has been structural valve deterioration caused by calcium buildup on the valve’s tissue over time. The new MITRIS RESILIA, made with bovine pericardial tissue and designed to mimic the native valve, incorporates an anti-calcification, integrity-preservation technology designed to help the valve last longer. This technology also allows the valve to be stored under dry packaging conditions.
In addition, the MITRIS valve features a low-profile frame that helps avoid obstruction of the left ventricular overflow tract by stent posts and is visible under fluoroscopy to facilitate potential future transcatheter interventions for patients, including valve-in-valve implantation.
“We continue to explore new approaches to increase the durability of bioprosthetic valves,” shares Accola. “The technology built into the MITRIS valve should help mitigate the calcium buildup issue and extend longevity, which could benefit younger patients who have historically had to receive mechanical valves instead.”
According to the American College of Cardiology, an estimated 4 million people in the U.S. suffer from significant mitral valve disease process. A number of conditions can cause this, including mitral regurgitation (the mitral valve doesn’t close tightly), mitral stenosis (a narrowing of the mitral valve) and rheumatic valvular disease (permanent valve damage caused by untreated or under-treated streptococcal infection). While some mitral valves can be repaired, others require replacement with an artificial valve, and there are two primary types — mechanical and bioprosthetic.
The COMMENCE trial included 83 patients in its mitral valve replacement arm along with 694 in an aortic replacement valve arm using the same tissue technology. Patients were followed for five years, and findings included clinically stable hemodynamics (blood flow), minimal regurgitation and no evidence of structural valve deterioration.
A new arm of the COMMENCE trial will explore 10-year outcomes of the MITRIS RESILIA valve, and AdventHealth will participate in it as well.
“At the AdventHealth Cardiovascular Institute, we believe in continually improving patient care and outcomes,” says Accola. “That is why we are committed to staying on the cutting edge of new valve replacement technologies that will allow our patients to have the most advanced solutions for their particular problem.”
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